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He aha ka ADHD?

Nīnau ka poʻe he nui iā mākou "he aha kā ADHD e kū nei?". ʻO ka manaʻo ADHD ʻo Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. He maʻi ia e ulu mau ana i ka wā kamaliʻi, akā ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia kekahi manawa a hiki i ka wā ʻōpio a i ʻole ke makua ʻana.

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ʻo ADHD e ka hiki ʻole i kekahi kanaka ke nānā a nānā paha. Hōʻike ka poʻe ʻeha i ka hoʻomaha ʻole, ka impulsiveness a me ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻole. Hoʻomanawanui loa lākou a hoʻohoka maʻalahi, ʻoiai ke hana nei i kahi mea makemake iā lākou. Nānā pinepine ʻia ke ʻano ma ke ʻano he maʻi aʻo no ka mea hiki iā ia ke keʻakeʻa i ke kaʻina aʻo i kahi ala koʻikoʻi.

Nui nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ka ʻike o ADHD. ʻIke kekahi poʻe i ka hoʻohui o "hyperactivity" i ka hōʻailona pololei ʻole, ʻoi loa, kūpono ʻole a hōʻeha hoʻi. Ma muli o ka ʻike pinepine ʻia o kēia maʻi i nā keiki, manaʻo ka poʻe he nui ua ʻike ʻia a he hoʻopunipuni paha i hoʻomau ʻia e nā ʻoihana psychiatric a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau i nā ʻohana e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻomaopopo i kā lākou keiki hauʻoli. ʻAʻole ʻike iki ʻia e pili ana i kēia ʻano mai ke kuanaʻike ʻepekema.

Ke kumu o ADHD: he aha ke kumu o ADHD?

ʻO ka nīnau e kupu aʻe i ka manaʻo o ka hapanui o ka poʻe ke ʻike lākou i kekahi mea e luhi ʻia e kēia maʻi ʻo "he aha ke kumu o ADHD?". He naʻaupō ka hapa nui o ka poʻe e pili ana i ke ʻano o ka ADHD a i ʻole nā ​​hōʻailona ADHD. ʻO kēia ke kumu, ka helu o ka poʻe i hoʻopilikia ʻia e kēia maʻi, ke hoʻonui nei i kēlā me kēia lā. No ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā ʻōuli o kēia maʻi a mālama pono ʻana iā ia, pono ka poʻe e makaʻala i nā kumu o ADHD. ʻO ia paha ka mea e ala aʻe ai kēia maʻi.

Ma kēia ʻāpana, hōʻike mākou i nā mea i alakaʻi ʻia i Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder i nā mākua a me nā keiki e like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia e nā mea noiʻi.

Nā kumu o ADHD i nā mākua

ʻAʻole e ʻike ʻia ke kumu kūpono o ADHD. Eia nō naʻe, ua nui nā noiʻi i nānā i nā ʻano wehewehe like ʻole.

  1. ʻO Genetic a me neurological

ʻO ke ʻano he kumu ʻē aʻe ia e kāu makeup genetics. ʻOi aku ka maʻi ma nā ʻohana o ka poʻe me ia ma mua o ka poʻe me ka ʻole, a ʻo ka māhoe ka mea i loaʻa hou i kēia maʻi inā loaʻa ko lākou kaikaina / kaikaina. Eia nō naʻe, mea nui e hoʻomaopopo i ka loaʻa ʻana o kekahi i kou ʻohana me ADHD ʻaʻole ia he kumu e loaʻa maoli ʻoe iā ADHD. Loaʻa i nā genes no ADHD ʻaʻole ʻoe e loaʻa i kēia maʻi. ʻo ia wale nō e loaʻa iā ʻoe.

Ua hōʻike ʻia ka poʻe me ADHD i nā pae o ka hana i kekahi mau wahi o ka lolo, e like me nā wahi i mua o ka lolo e pili ana i ka hoʻolālā a me ka kaohi o ka lawena. Eia kekahi, ʻo nā wahi o ka lolo e pili ana i ka kaohi ʻana i ka neʻe e hōʻike i nā ʻokoʻa. ʻO kēia paha ke kumu o ka piʻina o nā keiki me ADHD a neʻe kū ʻole.

  1. Kaʻike

Ua piʻi pū kekahi nā mea noiʻi me nā hiʻohiʻona e pili ana i nā ʻōuli o ADHD i nā wahi ʻē aʻe o ko haʻi ola. Hōʻike ia i ka hopena o nā pilikia o ka noʻonoʻo ʻole, hyperactivity, a me ka impulsivity i hopena i ko lākou ola.

Nā kumu o ADHD i nā keiki

ʻO ADHD kahi maʻi maʻamau e pili ana i 8% a 10% o nā keiki o ke kula. ʻEkolu paha mau manawa ke keikikāne ma mua o nā kaikamahine e ʻike ʻia me ia, ʻoiai ʻaʻole maopopo i ke kumu.

Hana nā kamaliʻi me ADHD me ka noʻonoʻo ʻole, he hyperactive, a he pilikia ka nānā ʻana. Maopopo paha iā lākou ka mea i manaʻo ʻia no lākou akā pilikia ka hahai ʻana ma muli o ka hiki ʻole iā lākou ke noho mālie, nānā, a i ʻole hele i nā kikoʻī.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, hana nā keiki āpau (ʻoi aku ka ʻōpio) i kēia ala i nā manawa, ke ʻano hopohopo a pīhoihoi paha lākou. Akā ʻo ka ʻokoʻa me ADHD aia nā ʻōuli ma kahi o kahi lōʻihi o ka manawa a kū i nā ʻano ʻokoʻa. Hoʻopilikia lākou i ka hiki i ke keiki ke hana i ka pilikanaka, i ka ʻepekema, a i ka home.

Ke kumu maoli?

Aia ma mua o hoʻokahi kumu o ka Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder i nā keiki, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e ʻike ʻia mai nā ʻano biological. I kekahi mau hihia, e hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā mākua no ia ʻano, akā manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka loli o ke ʻano o ka lolo kekahi o nā kumu nui. Eia kekahi, aia kekahi mau ʻenehana pili i hiki ke hoʻololi i ka lawena a kahi keiki.

  1. Hoʻololi ʻia ka anatomy a me ka hana maʻamau o ka lolo

ʻO nā keiki i ʻike ʻia he ADHD ka ʻokoʻa i ka hana o ka lolo ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i kā lākou mau hoa. Aia nā kemika i loko o ka lolo, ʻo ia hoʻi nā neurotransmitters, ke kuleana no ia ʻano. Pono kēia mau kemika no ka launa ʻana o nā hunaola i loko o ka lolo. ʻO ka neurotransmitter e pili ana i kēia maʻi, i kapa ʻia ʻo dopamine, mālama i ka hana hewa a laila hopena i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole e pili ana i ka impulsivity, ka ʻole o ka noʻonoʻo a me ka hyperactivity Eia hou, ua hōʻoia ʻepekema ʻia kahi keiki me ka maʻi ADHD he ʻoi aku ka nui o ka nui o ka lolo ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i kahi keiki maʻamau. ʻIke ʻia kēlā mau keiki ʻaʻole e maʻalahi i nā hanana kahi e hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia a hoʻopaʻi ʻia paha.

  1. Nā Genes

Hoʻohuli pū ʻia ka maʻi ADHD e hoʻohuli ʻia mai nā mākua i ʻike ʻia no ke kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. ʻO kēlā me kēia keiki ʻehā i ʻeha i kēia maʻi he pilina me ADHD. ʻIke pinepine ʻia kēia maʻi i nā māhoe like. Aia kekahi hiki i kahi keiki ke loaʻa iā ADHD inā makemake nā mākua i ka haunaele psychiatric.

  1. Nā kumu makuahine

ʻO nā makuahine hāpai i maʻa i ka puhipaka ke hoʻoweliweli i ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi keiki me ADHD. Pēlā nō, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka waiʻona a i ʻole nā ​​lāʻau ʻē aʻe i ka wā o ka hāpai ʻana hiki ke hoʻoliʻiliʻi pono i ka hana o nā neurons e hana i ka dopamine. ʻO kekahi o nā mea hilahila ka hapai ʻana o kahi wahine hāpai i kahi lāʻau make e like me nā biphenyls polychlorinated. Hoʻohana ākea ʻia ia ʻano kemika i kahi ʻoihana pesticide.

Ua hōʻoia ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau e like me ka cocaine e pale ai i ka ulu maʻamau o nā mea loaʻa ka lolo.

Eia kekahi, aia kekahi mau hihia kahi i emi ai ke aloha o nā makuahine a koʻikoʻi loa i kā lākou keiki ponoʻī. Mālama pū lākou i ka hoʻopaʻi koʻikoʻi i ke keiki no kahi kumu liʻiliʻi. Hiki i kēlā kūlana ke hōʻike i nā hōʻailona o ADHD i ka lawena o ke keiki.

  1. Hōʻike o ke keiki i nā mea ʻino kūlohelohe

ʻO nā keiki, ke hōʻike ʻia i nā toxins kaiaulu e like me ke kēpau a me nā biphenyls polychlorinated, makaʻu lākou i ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia maʻi. ʻO ka māhuahua e hōʻike i nā pae kēpau i hopena paha i ka hana kolohe a kahi keiki. Loaʻa ke kēpau i ke one, ka lepo a me nā paipu wai. ʻO nā kumuwaiwai kūpono ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ka hoʻohaumia, nā mea ʻai i loaʻa nā kala haki a me ke kū ʻana i ke kukui fluorescent. ʻO ka mea e mahalo ai, ʻoiai ke kō i hōʻoia ʻia e kī i ke ʻano hyperactive i kekahi mau hihia.

Nā mea ʻē aʻe

Aia kekahi mau kumu pilikia ʻē aʻe e like me ke kumu o ka ADHD. Hoʻokomo pū lākou i ka nānā ʻana i ke kīwī no kahi wā lōʻihi e hiki ai ke makemake i ka lolo e makemake i kahi hoʻonāukiuki mau.

ʻO nā hemahema i ka papaʻai a ke keiki i kēlā lā i kēia lā no kaʻai pono ʻole hiki ke hopena i kāna hana i hoʻoponopono ʻia.

ʻO nā keiki i nele i ke aloha a me ka palekana e hoʻomaopopo ʻaʻole i hoʻokō ʻia kā lākou mau pono a hoʻomohala i nā ʻōuli e like me nā ADHD.

ʻO nā kumu āpau paha o ADHD i kāu keiki, ʻo ka loaʻa a mālama ʻana iā ia i ka manawa kūpono ka mea maikaʻi loa e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke hana, e hoʻihoʻi i kāu keiki i ke ola maʻamau. ʻOiai paha e lawe i kahi manawa a me nā lāʻau kūpono, e hoʻihoʻi i ke keiki i kahi kūlana maʻamau, pono ke hoʻomanawanui a mālama pono kekahi, i loko o ka manawa lapaʻau.

Nā ʻōuli o ADHD: he aha nā hōʻailona o ADHD?

ʻO ka lawelawe ʻana me Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) kahi mamao loa mai maʻalahi. ʻO ka hana ʻana i kēia kūlana maikaʻi ʻole ka ʻike ʻole inā pilikia ʻoe i kēia maʻi.

No ka hapa nui, kū nā ʻōuli o ADHD i ka ulu ʻana o kahi keiki. A ʻo nā poʻe mākua paha kekahi mau manawa o ka manawa kahi e manaʻo ʻole ʻia a hoʻopili ʻia ai paha. Maʻalahi loa e hoʻohoka i nā ʻōuli ADHD me nā ʻano pilikia like ʻole e like me ke aʻo ʻana i ke kino kīnā a me nā ʻano ʻano pilikia ʻē aʻe. ʻO kēia ke kumu he mea nui e loaʻa kahi hihia i manaʻo ʻia no ADHD i ʻike ʻia e kekahi ʻoihana mālama ola.

Nīnau ka poʻe he nui iā lākou iho "He ADHD kaʻu?". ʻĀ, ʻaʻole hoʻokahi wale nō hoʻokolohua kino a olakino maʻalahi paha i hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻoholo inā loaʻa ke ʻano o kekahi. No nā mākua i manaʻo he ʻano maʻi paha kā kā lāua keiki he mea nui e kamaʻilio pū me ke kauka o ke keiki e pili ana i kā lākou hopohopo. E loaʻa iā lākou kahi papa inoa o nā ʻōuli like ʻole a hiki ke hōʻoia ʻaʻole hōʻike ke keiki i nā ʻōuli o nā ʻano like.

ʻOiai ke ʻōlelo mau ʻia me ke kauka lapaʻau, ua maopopo leʻa kekahi mau ʻōuli o ADHD a hiki i nā poʻe i hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻole ʻia. Wahi a ka National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kēia mau ʻōuli o ADD i ʻekolu mau inoa - ka noʻonoʻo ʻole, ka hyperactivity, a me ka impulsivity.

  1. Paio me ke Aʻo

ʻO kekahi o nā pōhaku kia o ka mahele nānā ʻole e hakakā ana me nā ʻōkuhi. Hoʻopili kēia i nā pilikia me nā kuhikuhi ma nā hana hana, a me ka noke ʻole i ka nānā pono ʻana i nā papahana kula. ʻO ka huikau a me ka hiki ʻole ke nānā i nā hana hoʻokahi e pili pū i nā pilikia me nā ʻōlelo aʻo.

  1. Fidgeting a me Squirming

ʻO nā neʻe Hyperactive, e like me ka fidgeting a me ka squirming, he mau hōʻailona paha o ADHD. Inā hiki ʻole iā ʻoe ke haʻalele i ka neʻe ʻana i ka wā e noho ana, a i ʻole kaomi pinepine ʻana a hoʻoluliluli paha i kahi āpau, e noʻonoʻo e kamaʻilio me kāu kauka e pili ana iā ADHD a i nā pilikia koʻikoʻi ʻē aʻe, e like me ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson a i ʻole Tourette Syndrome.

  1. Pilikia me ka Hana Malu

ʻOiai ʻano like me ka hakakā ʻana me nā ʻōkuhi, he ʻokoʻa ka loaʻa ʻana o ka pilikia me ka hana mālie, akā maʻamau, Attention Deficit Disorder Symptoms e like me ka NIHM. Hele pinepine kēia hōʻailona o ADHD me nā neʻe hyperactive a i ʻole ka leo. ʻO nā hoʻonohonoho mālie, e like me nā hale waihona puke a i ʻole nā ​​haukapila, lawelawe pinepine ma ke ʻano he wahi kūpono e hōʻike ai i kēia ʻōuli.

  1. keʻena

ʻO ka piko o ka maʻa impulsivity no ka hoʻomanawanui. ʻEha nā kānaka he nui me nā pae maʻamau o ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole i kēlā me kēia lā. Eia nō naʻe, ke holo kēia hemahema o ke ahonui i loko o ka palena ʻāina nui, lilo ia i hōʻailona o ADHD. Hoʻohālikelike i kou hiki ke noho mālie a haku ʻia i ka poʻe e puni ana iā ʻoe e kōkua i ka hoʻomālamalama ʻana i kēia pilikia kūpono.

  1. Kamaʻilio nonstop

ʻAʻohe mea hewa o ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi ʻano huʻa a kamaʻilio pū paha. No ka poʻe he nui, ʻoluʻolu a leʻaleʻa kēia. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka poʻe e kamaʻilio maʻamau, ʻoi loa, a me ke kumu ʻole e hakakā paha me kekahi o nā hōʻailona ʻoi loa o ADHD - walaʻau nonstop.

  1. ʻAno moemoeā a huikau paha

E like me ka nele o ka noʻonoʻo nui, hāʻule pinepine i nā kau moeʻuhane e pili pinepine ʻia me kēia maʻi. Hoʻohui, lilo i huikau i kou wā e loaʻa hou ai ka nānā ʻana mai kēia mau daydreams he mau hōʻailona o ADHD. Hauʻoli kēlā me kēia i ka hoʻomanaʻo ʻana i kahi hoʻomanaʻo hoʻomanaʻo a i ʻole e ʻae auwana i ko lākou noʻonoʻo i kēlā me kēia manawa, akā inā ʻaʻole hiki ke kāohi ʻia kēia hana, ʻo ia paha ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ai i ke kōkua.

  1. Ke hōʻoki nei i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe a pilikia me nā kamaʻilio

ʻOiai ʻo ka poʻe sociable loa hiki ke ʻaʻa a hina i waena o ke kamaʻilio ʻana mai kēlā manawa a kēia manawa, e hana ana i nā faux pas ma ke ala. Ke lilo i kaohi ʻole ʻia kēia mau pilikia a i ʻole pinepine pinepine, hoʻololi ʻia ka pilikia i kahi hihia kūpono. Inā hōʻoki pinepine ʻoe i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe a i ʻole ʻaʻole paʻa i nā kūlana kamaʻilio maʻamau, hiki i kēia mau hana ke hoʻokau i kahi pilikia noʻonoʻo nui aʻe. ʻO kēia kahi hōʻailona o ADHD i nā keiki.

  1. O Keaukaha Reckless

Ua ʻike anei ʻoe i kekahi o nā ʻōuli o ADHD i nā mākua ke kalaiwa malū? Ke loaʻa ʻoe iā ADHD, hiki i ka paʻakikī ke mālama i kou nānā ʻana i ke ala. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hele a maʻalahi, a ʻo ia ka hopena i nā ulia pōpilikia o ke ala. Hiki i ke kalepa ʻana ke hoʻomaha iā ʻoe pū kekahi. ʻO ka mea ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ʻoi aku paha ʻoe i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me nā hakakā ma ke ala.

  1. Nā Pilikia Pili

E manaʻoʻiʻo paha ʻaʻole paha, ʻo kekahi o nā hōʻailona maʻamau o ADHD i nā mākua ka pilikia pili. Loaʻa kēia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka poʻe me ADHD makua paʻakikī e hoʻolohe a pane maikaʻi, e hopena ai i ka kamaʻilio maikaʻi ʻole. ʻO ka hoʻohanohano ʻana i nā hoʻohiki e lilo i pilikia. Eia kekahi, ʻo nā kānaka i loaʻa iā ADHD ka mea huhū huhū koke e hōʻino ai i ka male, ka pilina aloha, a i ʻole ka pilina ʻē aʻe.

Panina

Pili pū kekahi mau ʻōuli ʻē aʻe me ADHD. Ka hiki ʻole ke noho mālie i ka ʻaina awakea, holoholo ma nā hoʻonohonoho kūpono ʻole, a ke aʻo ʻana i nā mea pale i ka hānai ʻana i nā hihia āpau i kahi hihia maikaʻi o kēia maʻi. Eia nō naʻe, hoʻolele lākou āpau i loko o kēia mau hōʻailona nui ʻehiku a hoʻonui paha iā lākou i kekahi ʻano a ʻano paha. Inā loaʻa ʻoe i nā pilikia me kekahi o kēia mau ʻōuli, a i ʻole ka hui ʻana o kekahi mau mea, e noʻonoʻo e hoʻonohonoho i kahi manawa no ka ʻike ADHD me kāu kahu mua a i ʻole kekahi psychologist e kūkākūkā hou i ka hana.

ʻIke ADHD: pehea i ʻike ʻia ai ka ADHD?

ʻO nā hōʻailona maʻamau a i ʻole nā ​​ʻōuli o ADHD e komo pū me: impulsivity, fidgeting, maʻalahi maʻalahi, a me ka hiki ʻole e hoʻopau i nā hana. ʻOiai ʻike pinepine ʻia nā keiki, ʻo ADHD kahi maʻi e ʻeha pū nei i nā mākua pū kekahi. Ua hoʻomohala ʻia kekahi mau hoʻokolohua e kōkua i ke kuhi ʻana i ka ADHD i nā keiki, me kekahi o nā mea i hilinaʻi nui ʻia ma lalo.

ʻO ka hōʻike Stanford-Binet

ʻO ka Stanford-Binet Test ka loiloi kaulana loa o ka ʻike ʻike, ʻike ʻia hoʻi me kahi hōʻike IQ. Aia i loko o kanaono mau nīnau a ka mea i noi ʻia e pane. Loiloi ʻia kēia mau pane e hāʻawi i kahi hiki ke ʻike i ka manaʻo, a i ʻole ka IQ o ka mea maʻi. Hiki ke hāpai i kēia hōʻike ma ka pūnaewele a ma o ke kauka.

ʻO ka Weschler Intelligence Scale no nā Keiki

ʻO kahi hōʻike kaulana no nā keiki ka Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV). Lawe ʻia ka hoʻāʻo ma luna o nā keiki ma waena o nā makahiki o 6 a me 16 a lawe ma waena o 48-65 mau minuke e hoʻoholo ai i ka ʻike loea o ka mea maʻi. Hoʻokomo ʻia ka hoʻāʻo o ʻumikūmālima subtest, i ana ʻia e nā papa kuhikuhi ʻelima nui. ʻO kēia: ka papa kuhikuhi kaomi ʻana o ka waha, ka papa kuhikuhi spatial visual, ka indexing reasoning fluid, ka index index memory, a me ka index index speed. Loiloi ʻia kēia mau papa kuhikuhi helu me nā subtest he ʻumikūmālima e hoʻoholo ai i ka ʻike noʻeau o kēlā me kēia mea i hoʻāʻo ʻia, kahi e hiki ai ke kōkua i ke kuhikuhi ʻana iā ADHD.

ʻO ka Pakuhi Kaufman no nā Keiki

ʻO kekahi hōʻike hoʻāʻo e ʻike pono i ka ADHD i nā keiki, ʻo ia ka Kaufman Battery for Children (KABC). ʻO ka KABC kahi hōʻike hoʻokolohua psychological no ka loiloi ʻana i ka hoʻomohala ʻike i hoʻomohala ʻia i 1983 a hoʻoponopono hou ʻia i ka 2004. Hoʻohana kēia hōʻike i nā hanana hou i ka noʻonoʻo psychological a me nā ʻano helu helu, e kaulana ana i waena o nā mea maʻi a me nā kauka. Hāʻawi ke KABC i ka nānā kūikawā i nā hui kīnā ʻole a me nā hui e ʻehaʻeha nei i ke kīnā o ke aʻo ʻana, a me nā moʻomeheu liʻiliʻi.

Nīnauele me ke kauka a me nā unahi unahi

Ma waho aʻe o kēia mau hoʻāʻo, hiki i kahi mea maʻi i manaʻo ʻia no ka ʻeha ʻana mai ke ʻano ke hana i kahi nīnauele me ke kauka, kahi e hana ʻia ai kahi hoʻokolokolo kino. E hāʻawi ʻia kahi papa inoa a me nā helu helu helu pālākiō i nā mākua a me nā kumu o ka mea hoʻomanawanui e hoʻopihapiha i ka nānā ʻana i ke kanaka e hoʻoholo inā kū kekahi mau mea a me nā hōʻailona. Ua hoʻoholo ʻia kēia mau papa helu helu me nā hōʻike ʻē aʻe i hōʻike mua ʻia e lilo i mau ala kūpono e ʻike ai.

Hoʻolālā ADHD: Lāʻau lapaʻau ADHD vs kaukaʻi

Ma ke ʻano he mākua, makemake mau ʻoe e ʻike i ka lapaʻau maikaʻi loa no kāu keiki e kōkua iā ia e puka wikiwiki mai ka pilikia. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻohe lapaʻau maikaʻi loa no ADHD a ʻo kekahi ʻoiaʻiʻo, i kēia manawa, ʻaʻohe lāʻau lapaʻau no ADHD. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e hoʻohoka. Hiki ke kōkua i nā lāʻau i loaʻa i kāu keiki i kahi ola kūleʻa.

Nā lāʻau no ADHD

Nā lāʻau lapaʻau ADHD i kuhikuhi ʻia no nā keiki

Hoʻohana ākea kēia koho lapaʻau a lawe mai i nā hopena wikiwiki.

ʻO nā lāʻau ADHD mua i kuhikuhi ʻia he maʻamau nā mea hoʻonāukiuki. Hoʻonui kēia mau mea hoʻonāukiuki i ka hana i ka lolo, keu hoʻi i nā wahi i kuleana no ka nānā ʻana, kaohi impulse, a me ka nānā ʻana. He hopena maikaʻi kā nā stimulants ke hiki mai i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka nānā a me ka kaohi ponoʻī. Eia nō naʻe, ke pili i nā mākau pilikanaka a me nā hoʻokō i nā kālaiʻike, pili mau kēia i ke keiki ponoʻī. Loaʻa i nā lāʻau stimulate kekahi o nā mea ʻelua: methylphenidate a me nā amphetamines.

ʻO ka koho mua o nā mea ʻelua he methylphenidate no ka mea ua ʻike ʻia he mau hopena ʻē aʻe ka liʻiliʻi. Hiki maoli mai ka Methylphenidate i ka wā pōkole, waena, a me ka lōʻihi. Inā ʻaʻole pane ke keiki i ka methylphenidate, a laila kuhikuhi ʻia ʻo ia i nā amphetamines. No nā lōʻihi pōkole e hala ana i 6 mau hola, ua kuhikuhi ʻia ʻo Dextrostat a me Dexedrine. No ka lōʻihi a lōʻihi hoʻi, kuhikuhi ʻia ʻo Adderall.

Inā maikaʻi ʻole nā ​​stimulants i ke keiki, a laila Atomoxetine a ua kuhikuhi ʻia ʻo Antidepressants. Ke holo ʻole ʻelua mau lapaʻau e pili ana i nā stimulants, a laila ʻo Atomoxetine ke kaʻina hou aʻe o ka hana.

ʻO kahi mea nui e hoʻomaopopo e pili ana i nā lāʻau ADHD ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻohe lāʻau hoʻokahi e koi ʻia no nā keiki āpau. Hāʻawi maoli ʻia nā lāʻau i ke kumu hoʻāʻo. Pili kēia mau mea i ka hopena o ke keiki i kekahi lāʻau. Eia nō naʻe, ke hoʻoholo ʻia nā lāʻau kūpono, hiki ke mālama maʻalahi ʻia nā ʻōuli o ka maʻi.

Inā aia kekahi mea ʻē aʻe āu e ʻike ai e pili ana i nā lāʻau ADHD, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole lākou e hoʻōla maoli i nā kumu o ka maʻi. ʻO nā mea āpau a lākou e hiki ai ke hoʻopau i nā ʻōuli o ADHD. Eia kekahi, ke hoʻopili ʻia kēia mau lāʻau me ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a i ʻole ke ʻano lawena, hiki ke kōkua nui i kēia.

Nā lāʻau lapaʻau ADHD i kuhikuhi ʻia no nā mākua

ʻAʻole wale ke kūlana i kahi maʻi i nā keiki. Hana ʻia ia i nā mākua pū kekahi! ʻOiai he paʻakikī paha ke hoʻokele, aia ka manaolana a me nā pōmaikaʻi maikaʻi loa e hoʻohana ana i ka lāʻau ADHD no nā mākua.

Nui a hewahewa nā koho o ke koho ʻana i nā lāʻau kūpono ADHD nāu. Hiki iā ʻoe ke lawe i kahi lāʻau ADHD i hoʻopaʻa ʻia a i ʻole hoʻāʻo i nā lāʻau kūlohelohe no ADHD.

I mea e loaʻa ai kahi kuhikuhi no ADHD, pono ʻoe e ʻike ʻia e ka psychiatrist a i ʻole neuropsychologist ma mua. Pili kēia i nā nīnau a me nā hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi e hoʻoholo ai i kahi subtype o ADHD āu. E kōkua kēia i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i nā lāʻau ADHD kūpono iā ʻoe.

Nui a hewahewa nā papa lāʻau lapaʻau no nā mākua me ADHD. Loaʻa kēia mau mea mai nā mea hoʻonāukiuki i nā papa lāʻau ʻē aʻe i loaʻa nā hopena kūlike ʻole o ke kōkua ʻana i nā hōʻailona ADHD.

  • Adderall: he hui o amphetamine a me dextroamphetamine. ʻO kēia kahi koho maʻamau o ka lāʻau ADHD no nā mākua. Hana ʻo Adderall i ke kikowaena pūnaewele e kōkua i ka maʻalahi o ka hyperactivity a me ka kaohi impulse. E loli ke kauka i kāu lāʻau a hiki i kou hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi hoʻolālā lapaʻau e kūpono iā ʻoe.
  • Ritalin (Methylphenidate): kahi stimulant ʻōnaehana waena e like me Adderall. Kōkua ia i ka maʻalahi o nā ʻōuli o ka hyperactivity a me ka kaohi impulse. ʻO Ritalin kahi lāʻau lapaʻau e kuhikuhi i nā hōʻailona ADHD a me ADD. Paipai ʻia kēia lāʻau i ʻāpana o kahi papahana mālama kākoʻo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a me nā lāʻau ʻē aʻe e hoʻonui i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ADHD.
  • Hui (Methylphenidate): hana e like me Ritalin ma ke ʻano he stimulant ʻōnaehana waena. ʻO Concerta kahi inoa inoa ʻē aʻe no kēia papa lāʻau, a me Metadate hoʻi.
  • ʻO Vyvanse (Lisdexamfetamine) kahi lāʻau ADHD hou aʻe no nā mākua. Hiki ke hoʻohana palekana ʻia ʻo Vyvanse i nā keiki me ADHD ma mua o ka makahiki 6. He stimulant ʻōnaehana kikowaena e hoʻomāmā i nā ʻōuli o ka hyperactivity, kaohi impulse, a kōkua i nā mākua ADHD e ʻoliʻoli nei i nā pilikia ʻai ma muli o ka impulsivity. ʻO ke kumu no ke koho maikaʻi ʻana ʻo Vyvanse i ka lāʻau ADHD no nā mākua no ka mea ʻaʻohe ona koʻikoʻi o nā hopena ʻē aʻe e like me ka hoʻokuʻu koke ʻana i kahi manawa a nā lāʻau ADHD ʻē aʻe.
  • Straterra: ʻaʻole kēia lāʻau i mea hoʻonāukiuki, ʻokoʻa ka lāʻau ADHD ʻē aʻe no nā mākua. ʻO Straterra kahi mea koho norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, kahi ʻano like o ka hana i kekahi antidepressants. ʻAʻole ʻike ʻia ke ʻano o ka hana o ka mālama ʻana iā ADHD me kēia lāʻau. Eia nō naʻe, manaʻo ʻia mai ka hoʻonui ʻana o norepinephrine i ka lolo. He mea nui ʻo Norepinephrine i ka nānā a me ka lawena. Paipai ʻia ʻo Straterra e lilo i ʻāpana o kahi papahana hoʻomaʻamaʻa e pili ana i ka noʻonoʻo, ka hoʻonaʻauao, a me nā hana kaiaulu e mālama i ke ʻano.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai aia kekahi mau koho ʻē aʻe no nā lāʻau ADHD no nā mākua. I ʻike hou e pili ana i ka lāʻau kūpono loa iā ʻoe, pono ʻoe e ʻimi i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo mai kāu kauka ke aʻo ʻana i kāu koho āpau e ʻike i nā mea e hiki ai ke lawe no kāu maʻi.

Ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o IR a me XR kuhikuhi i nā lāʻau ADHD no nā mākua

ʻ differentlylelo ʻokoʻa kēlā me kēia i nā lāʻau ADHD. E hoʻokolokolo paha ia i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i kekahi mau lāʻau ʻokoʻa e kūpono maikaʻi loa nāu.

ʻO ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā form IR a me XR ka manawa i hana. I nā lāʻau ADHD no nā mākua, hiki i ka manawa i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka lāʻau ke lilo i mea koʻikoʻi i ka mālama ADHD.

ʻIke ʻia nā form IR ma ke ʻano he hoʻokuʻu koke. E holo koke kēia formulate ke hoʻokomo ʻia lākou. Kaukaʻi ʻia i nā pono o kahi kanaka makua me ADHD, pono e lawelawe pinepine ʻia nā hana IR i mea e hōʻalo ai i nā lāʻau lapaʻau e pio ana.

Hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā formulated ER i ka hola. Hāʻawi lākou i kahi hoʻomaka o ka hana a hoʻonui i ka lōʻihi o ka manawa a lākou e hana ai i ke kino. Hiki i kēia koho ke koho maikaʻi loa e hōʻemi i nā hopena ʻaoʻao i kekahi mau mākua me ka ʻike ADHD ma nā form IR. Eia kekahi, he koho maikaʻi loa nā formulated ER me ka poʻe poina i ka lawe ʻana i kā lākou lāʻau i ka manawa kūpono.

ʻO nā lāʻau ADHD kūlohelohe no nā mākua

Me, a me ka ʻole o ka lāʻau lapaʻau ADHD no nā mākua, aia nā huahana kūlohelohe i waho e hiki ke lilo i koho maikaʻi loa e mālama i ka ADHD makua. Ma mua o ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i kahi lāʻau ADHD kūlohelohe, e noʻonoʻo e kūkākūkā i nā koho me kāu kauka.

  • Ka iʻa iʻa: Ua hōʻoia ka omega 3 mau momona momona e hoʻonui i nā mākau olakino noʻonoʻo i nā mākua me ke ʻano. Hiki i ka iʻa iʻa ke hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hyperactivity, hoʻomaikaʻi i ka lōʻihi o ka ʻike, a hoʻemi i ka noʻonoʻo maopopo ʻole. Hiki iā ʻoe ke lawe i ka aila iʻa ma ke ʻano he capsule a mai nā meaʻai e like me salmon, tuna, trout, a me sardine. Kupono loa nā ʻano capsule. ʻO ka aila iʻa kiʻekiʻe loa i koi ʻia no ADHD na Nordic Naturals.
  • Zinc: ua hōʻike kekahi mau noiʻi i kahi hōʻemi o ka hyperactivity a me ka impulsivity me ka lawe ʻana i nā zinc supplement i ka poʻe me ADHD. Hoʻomaopopo nā noiʻi i nā mea maʻi ADHD makua i nā pae haʻahaʻa o ka zinc i hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka poʻe me ke ʻano ʻole. Hiki iā ʻoe ke lawe i ka zinc i loko o ka palapala capsule a i ʻole loaʻa iā ia mai nā meaʻai e like me nā nati, nā huahana waiū, nā pīni, nā kīʻaha piha, a me nā cereal paʻa. Inā ʻoe e noʻonoʻo ana i ka zinc ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻōla lāʻau, ʻo ka inoa hōʻailona ʻoi loa e koho ʻia e KĀNĀ Mea Mea ʻAi.
  • Melatonin: ʻaʻole kōkua kēia lāʻau i ADHD pololei. No kēlā poʻe me ka pilikia e hiamoe ana, he lāʻau kūlohelohe ka melatonin e kōkua i ka poʻe mākua e hiamoe i ka pō. ʻO ka poʻe me ADHD i nele i ka hiamoe e hōʻeha i nā ʻōuli ADHD.

ʻO ka lāʻau ADHD no nā mākua hiki ke lilo i mea maikaʻi e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ke ola o kekahi. Inā ʻoe e ʻike i kekahi, a iā ʻoe iho paha he mau hōʻailona ADHD, mai makaʻu ʻoe e ʻike ʻia. Loaʻa nā lāʻau ADHD no nā mākua no nā makahiki. Hōʻoia ʻia lākou e kōkua i ka mālama pono ʻana i ka maʻi. ʻAʻole mihi nā poʻe mākua he nui i hele i ka lāʻau ADHD i kā lākou hoʻoholo.

Lāʻau hoʻomaʻamaʻa

Hiki i ka behavioral therapy ke hana i ka manawa a me ka hoʻoikaika nui akā hiki i ka hopena ke uku nui loa. Eia hou, inā ʻaʻole makemake nā mākua i nā keiki e lawe i nā lāʻau ADHD, he koho maikaʻi loa ka hoʻomaʻamaʻomaʻomaʻo. Pili ka behavioral therapy i ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā keiki me ka paipai ke hana lākou i nā mea maikaʻi a me ka hoʻopaʻi ke hana hewa lākou (akā naʻe, ʻaʻole pono e hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ka hoʻopaʻi). Kōkua ka ʻike behavioral behavioral therapy i nā keiki e hoʻomaopopo i nā manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole a pehea e hōʻalo ai iā lākou. ʻOkoʻa i ka lāʻau lapaʻau, paʻa mau nā hopena o ka lāʻau behavioral therapy. Me ke ala kūpono, hiki i ka conductivity therapy ke hana i nā mea kupanaha e kōkua i nā keiki e hoʻokele a lanakila i ke ʻano.

He aha ka lapaʻau maikaʻi loa no ADHD?

E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna, ʻaʻohe mālama maikaʻi loa no ADHD. Eia nō naʻe, hiki i nā mākua ke hoʻoholo i ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka lāʻau. Inā ʻaʻole makemake nā mākua i kā lākou keiki e hoʻohana i nā lāʻau, hiki ke koho maikaʻi i ka lāʻau behavioral therapy. ʻOkoʻa i ka lāʻau lapaʻau, hiki i ke ʻano lōkō ke kōkua i nā keiki e hoʻokele maikaʻi i nā ʻōuli ADHD inā pili pono nā mākua. Eia nō naʻe, ma o nā hana, ua paipai nā kauka i nā mākua e pono e hoʻohana i ka behavioral therapy me ka lāʻau lapaʻau no nā hopena i ʻoi loa.



Koho i nā kahua e hōʻike ʻia. Hūnā ʻia nā poʻe ʻē aʻe. Kauō a hāʻule e hoʻoponopono hou i ke kauoha.
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